On 16 November 1532, The Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro met the Inca emperor Atahualpa at this spot in Cajamarca, northern Peru.
It was a confusing battle where the Spaniards where extremely outnumbered. In the end the invaders anyway managed to capture Atahualpa and later on execute him.
It´s a thrilling piece of history. You can read about it for example in The Discovery and Conquest of Peru by William H. Prescott
It was the beginning of Latin America. These three mestizo boys resting in this Andean valley, ones the battlefield of Cajamarca, are descendants and a result of that violent and cruel meeting between the old and the new world! Click on photo to see higher resolution